Comparative Analysis of Public Procurement Legislations in the Countries of Eurasian Region
26 Dec 2018

The purpose of this comparative analysis prepared by IDFI is to show parallel trends and shared characteristics of public procurement systems in Eurasian countries, including the best practices. Firstly, the study describes public procurement systems of each country. Subsequently, the study compares the general positive and negative sides of these laws, shortcomings, and possible problems of their implementation.

Studying the public procurement systems of sixteen countries in the Eurasian region reveals that despite considerable differences in their legislations and practice, some of the major problems and challenges are in fact shared. Some of these countries have moved on to fully electronic procurement with a single point of access, while others have remained paper-based or mixed. Some have a centralized system where an independent institution is responsible for managing the procurement of all other state entities, while others have a decentralized arrangement.

However, despite such core differences, almost all of these countries struggle with the same problems of unjustified exemptions from the legislation, corruption and conflict of interest, inefficient (i.e. paper- based, non-automated) procedures, weak follow up in contract execution, inaccessible dispute resolution procedures, and lack of free and easy public access to all procurement information.

Such commonality of problems suggests that more active cooperation between countries may help them tackle these challenges more easily by sharing best practices and learning from each other’s mistakes. The Transparent Public Procurement Rating is actively working on facilitating this sharing process.

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