Public procurement in Mozambique is regulated by decree 5/2016 of the 8 March "Regulation for the contracting of public works, supply of goods and provision of services to the state".
This Regulation revokes the previous one (approved by Decree nº 15/2010, of May 24th). The necessity for revocation arose from the need for greater transparency in the Public Procurement process.
The regulation is applied to all bodies and institutions of the public administration, the direct and indirect administration of the state, including embassies and missions abroad; municipalities and other public legal entities; and public companies and companies where the government has a shareholding.
The government body responsible for oversight of the Procurement Regulation is the Unit for the Supervision of Acquisitions (Unidade Funcional de Supervisão das Aquisições – UFSA). The Procurement Regulation requires that all procurement procedures abide by a number of principles including the legality, public interest, transparency, openness, equality, competitiveness, impartiality, and sound financial management. In addition procurement processes must be decentralized wherever possible as indicated by UFSA, and must strive to optimize the benefits of procurement
The procurement system in Mozambique is decentralized since each public entity executes its own public procurement processes. In general, the UFSA is responsible for ensuring, among other duties, coordinating the inspection and supervision of activities related to public procurement and providing technical guidance on procurement procedures, ensuring the correct application of public procurement legislation, preparing and managing the training program on public procurement, conducting quantitative and qualitative studies necessary to define and implement public procurement policies
Mozambique established the public procurement portal within the Functional Procurement Supervision Unit, which hosts information related to public procurement legislation, registration requirements, and procedures for individual, collective companies; list of potential eligible and ineligible suppliers; tenders: open, adjudicated, canceled, invalidated as well as direct contracts.